Cerebral palsy (CP) is described as a group of paralysis that generally appear in early childhood while cognitive deficits extended into atleast 18 years of age, signs and symptoms vary per individual Symptoms of (CP) found in infants, abnormally low muscle tone, the inability to uphold their own head while laying on the stomach and trouble swallowing.
Children whom develop (CP) have also been shown to carry intellectual disabilities, how to express themselves and inability to perform daily living, also making (CP) the most common disability. So what exactly are the underlying causes on a disorder so prevelant which averages about 200,000 cases annually? It turns out that 70% of the (CP) cases are the result of poor prenatal care and injury related, 20% of (CP) cases are caused by injuries during birth and the remaining 10% are caused by injuries after birth.
Prenatals, environmental toxicity and geolocation seemingly had a lot to do with the ubiquity of diagnosis, infections during pregnancy such as the mother immune system becomes compromised or careless with her health and has a few bad habits such as smoking which carries aluminum particulates that entails jaundice if the mother has smoking and drinking tendencies. Jaundice is the build up of bilirubin a chemical pigment that’s organically filtered out by the liver, but natural for new borns as their livers are still developing. Asphyxiation is another leading cause this is the restriction of oxygen reaching the brain in very limited quantities which can cause severe brain damage for to the infant during birth, other cases a small odds have a genetic influence which possibly are hereditary.
Mothers at risk:
Excessive weight gain in pregnancy,
LGA (large for gestational age) babies, First time mother,
Size difference between the baby and the mother’s birth canal.
According to the CDC the prevelance of (CP) estimates 1.5 to more 4 out of 1000 births, 1 in 300 are identified with (CP) and that (CP) is more common with males than it is with females. Another interesting fact about (CP) is that it is more prevelant in Black children than it is with White and Hispanic children. The walking ability after (CP) diagnoses according to a 2008 study 58.2% of children with (CP) could walk independently while 11.3% walked using a hand held mobility device and 30.6% had limited to no walking ability at all. In a 2006 study Black children with (CP) were 1.7 times more likely to have limited to no walking ability compared to white children.
Some insights on parts of the brain that play a role in (CP) the first being the Basal Ganglia, the Basal Ganglia when damaged the deficits entail involuntary muscle spasms, abnormal increases in muscle tone and difficulty initiating movement. The Motor Cortex, a substructure of the Frontal Lobe responsible for decision making, behavior processing, problem solving and cognitation of these play a backward contribution in terms of (CP) the final part of the brain that is effected would be the Fronal Lobe the associated damage of the Frontal Lobe includes paralysis, loss of spontaneity, mood changes and the inability to express body language.
A working theory on why so many more males are effected by disorder such as (CP) and stricken with diseases a like is because of the ratio of which male and female are born, statistics show there are 107 male births comparing to 100 female births. These are natures ways of maintaining a delicate balance.